Todos los Prefijos en Inglés - Prefixes


A continuación te muestro varias tablas con los prefijos mas importantes en inglés, para complementar artículos anteriores(que tal vez también te intereses)



*Los prefijos son partículas que se agregan antes de las raíces, para darle asi otro significado 


(fuente: wikipedia en inglés)

Native
Prefix
(prefijo)
Meaning(significado)
Example(ejemplo)
a-
verb > predicative adjective with progressive aspect
afloat, atremble
anti-
Against(en contra)
anti-war, antivirus, anti-human
arch-
supreme, highest, worst(supermo, mas alto, peor)
arch-rival, archangel
be-
equipped with, covered with, beset with (pejorative or facetious)(equipado con)
bedeviled, becalm, bedazzle, bewitch
co-
joint, with, accompanying (junto, con, acompañado)
co-worker, coordinator, cooperation
counter-
against, in opposition to(contra.., en oposicion a..)
counteract, counterpart
de-
reverse action, get rid of(accion en reversa)
de-emphasise
dis-
not, opposite of (no…, opuesto a)
disloyal, disagree
dis-
reverse action, get rid of (accion contraria)
disconnect, disinformation
en-/em-
to make into, to put into, to get into(poner dentro)
enmesh, empower
ex-
Former(anterior)
ex-husband, ex-boss, ex-colleague, exit
fore-
Before(antes)
forearm, forerunner
in-/il-/im-/ir-
not, opposite of(no, opuesto de)
inexact, irregular
inter-
between, among (entre)
interstate, interact
mal-
bad(ly)(mal)
malnourish
mid-
Middle(medio)
midlife
mini-
Small(pequeñó)
minimarket, mini-room
mis-
wrong, astray(equivocado)
misinformation, misguide
out-
better, faster, longer, beyond(mejor)
outreach, outcome
over-
too much(mucho)
overreact, overact
post-
After(despues)
post-election, post-graduation
pre-
Before(antes)
pre-election, pre-enter
pro-
for, on the side of(para.., del lado de..)
pro-life
re-
again, back(otra vez)
rerun
self-
Self(auto)
self-sufficient
step-
family relation by remarriage
stepbrother
trans-
across, from one place to another(de un lugar a otro)
transatlantic
twi-
Two(dos)
twibill, twilight
un-
not, opposite of(no, opuesto a)
unnecessary, unequal
un-
reverse action, deprive of, release from(accion contraria)
undo, untie
under-
below, beneath, lower in grade/dignity, lesser, insufficient(abajo de, bajo…)
underachieve, underground, underpass
up-
greater, higher, or better(gran, alto, mejor)
upgrade, uplift
with-
Against(contra)
withstand



Neo-classical
Prefix
Meaning
Examples
Afro-
relating to Africa(relative a Africa)
Afro-American
ambi-
Both(ambos)
ambidextrous, ambitendency
amphi-
two, both, on both sides(ambos)
amphiaster, amphitheater, amphibian
an-/a-
not, without(sin)
anemic, asymmetric
ana-/an-
up, against(contra)
anacardiaceous, anode
Anglo-
relating to England(relative a Inglaterra)
Anglo-Norman
ante-
Before(antes)
antenatal
anti-
opposite, against(en contra, opuesto)
antivenom
apo-
away, different from(lejos, diferente forma)
apomorphine
astro-
Star (estrella, ”relativo al espacio”)
astrobiology
auto-
Self(auto)
autobiography, automatic
bi-
Two(dos, doble)
bicycle
bio-
Biological(biologico)
biodegrade
circum-
Around(alrededor)
circumnavigate
cis-
on this side of(en el lado de )
cislunar
con-/com-/col-/cor-/co-
together or with(junto con)
confederation, commingle, colleague, correlation, cohabit
contra-
Opposite(opuesto)
contradict
cryo-
frio
cryogenics
crypto-
hidden, secret(oculto, secreto)
cryptography
de-
Down(bajo)
depress
demi-
Half(medio)
demigod
demo-
People(gente)
demography
di-
Two(dos)
dioxide
dis-/di-/dif-
Apart(aparte)
differ, dissect
down-
to make something lesser, lower or worse
(hacer bajar algo)
downgrade
du-/duo-
Two(dos)
duet
eco-
Ecological(ecologico)
ecosystem
electro-
electric, electricity(electrico)
electro-analysis
epi-
upon, at, close upon, in addition(arriba de ..)
epidermis
Euro-
European(europeo)
Eurocentric
ex-
out of(fuera de)
export
extra-
Outside(extra)
extracurricular
fin-
kinship
affinity
Franco-
French, France(frances)
Francophile
geo-
relating to the earth or its surface
(relacionado a la tierra o su superficie)
geography
gyro-
spinning on an axis (girando en un eje)
gyrosphere, gyrocopter
hetero-
Different(diferente)
heterosexual
hemi-
Half(medio)
hemimorphic
homo-
Same(mismo)
homogenous, homologous
hydro-
relating to water, or using water
(relative al agua)
hydroelectricity
hyper-
above, over(sobre)
hypo-
under or below something, low(por debajo de)
ideo-
image, idea
ideograph
idio-
individual, personal, unique
idiolect
in-
in, into(dentro )
insert
Indo-
relating to the Indian subcontinent
(relacionado al subcontinent indio)
Indo-European
infra-
below, beneath(por debajo de)
infrared
inter-
among, between (entre)
intercede
intra-
inside, within (dentro de…)
intravenous
iso-
Equal(igual)
isochromatic
macr(o)-
Long(grande)
macrobiotic
maxi-
very long, very large(muy grande)
maxi-skirt
mega-/megalo-
great, large(grande)
megastar, megalopolis
meta-
after, along with, beyond, among, behind
meta-theory
micro-
Small(pequeño)
microbacillus
midi-
medium-sized(mediano)
midi-length
mon(o)-
sole, only(solo)
monogamy
multi-
Many(mucho)
multi-storey
neo-
New(Nuevo)
neolithic
non-
Not(no)
nonexistent
omni-
All(todo)
omnipotent, omnipresent
ortho-
correcting or straightening
(corrigiendo o enderezando)
orthodontics, orthotropic
paleo-
Old(antiguo)
paleolithic
pan-
all, worldwide (todo, mundial)
pan-African, pandemic
para-
beside, beyond (al lado de.. mas alla de..)
parallel
ped-/pod-
Foot(pie)
pedestrian, podiatrist
per-
through, completely, wrongly, exceedingly
permeate, permute
peri-
Around(alrededor)
periphrase
photo-
light, photography, photograph
photoelectric
poly-
Many
polygon
post-
After
postpone
pre-
before
predict
preter-
beyond, past, more than
preternatural
pro-
substitute, deputy(sustituto)
proconsul
pro-
Before(antes)
procambium
pros-
Toward(hacia…)
proto-
first, original(primero, original)
protoplasm, prototype
pseudo-
false, imitation(falso)
pyro-
Fire (fuego)
pyrokinetic
quasi-
partly, almost, appearing to be but not really
(casi)
quasi-religious
retro-
Backwards(hacia atras)
retrograde
semi-
Half(medio)
socio-
society, social, sociological
sociopath
sub-, sup-
below, under(bajo)
support
super-
above, over
supervisor
supra-
above, over
suprarenal
sur-
above, over
surreal, surrender
syn-/sy-/syl-/sym-
together, with(junto, con)
synthesis, symbol, syllable, system
tele-
at a distance(a la distancia)
telegraph, television
trans-
Across (a través de)
transverse
tri-
Three(tres)
tricycle
ultra-
Beyond(mas alla de)
ultraviolet, ultramagnetic
uni-
One(uno)
vice-
Deputy(suplente)
vice-president, vice-principal

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