Sustantivos colectivos en ingles (collective nouns)

Los sustantivos colectivos (collective nouns) o nombres colectivos (Collective Name), se refiere a aquellas palabras en singular que expresan la agrupación de muchos elementos(personas, objetos, animales, etc)

Para entenderlo, veamos algunos ejemplos en español
-Bosque (singular) expresa agrupación de muchos arboles
-Alumnado, significa la agrupación de muchos alumnos, pero sigue siendo singular
-Bandada, agrupación de muchas aves

De igual forma que en el español, en el inglés hay palabras que estando en singular, denotan muchos otros elementos reunidos, aunque muchos de ellos no tienen su equivalente en español, o la palabra que le corresponde, no tiene nada que ver.

En el inglés, los sustantivos colectivos, se usan principalmente en animales, aunque hay algunas que se refieren a personas o cosas, por ejemplo:

(Most of nouns)  - Group of…,
Grove, copse, stand, ticket - trees
army - ejército
class  - clase
crowd - multitud
majority  - mayoría
senate - senado
jury  - jurado
company  - compañía
board  - junta
minority - minoría
committee  -comité

With objects :

A fleet of ships (flíit) - Una flota de barcos
A deck of cards (dék) - Un mazo de cartas
A bunch of grapes (bánch) - Un racimo de uvas
A bunch of flowers (bánch) - Un ramo de flores
A pile of books (páil) - Una pila de libros
A lock of hair (lók) - Un mechón de cabellos
A network of computers (nét-uórk) - Una red de computadoras
A convoy of trucks (cónvoi) - Un convoy de camiones


sustantivos colectivos en ingles, nombres colectivos, collective nouns


Como dije, los collective nouns, se usan mayormente en animales, veamos la siguiente tabla:



Animal
Collective Names
Antelope - antilope
Herd-manada
Ants-hormigas
Army
Colony
Swarm
Apes- monos
Shrewdness
Baboons -babuinos
Flange,  Congress, tribe
bacteria
culture
Badgers-tejones
Cete, colony
Bears- oso
Sleuth, sloth
bears (polar bears)
pack
Beavers - castores
Colony, lodge
Bees - abejas
Flight, grist, hive, swarm
Birds- aves
Congregation, dissimulation, flight, flock
Bitterns - alcaravanes
Sedge, siege
Boar  -  verraco
Herd, singular, sounder
Bobolinks(un tipo d ave)
chain
buffalo
herd
Butterflies- mariposas
Rabble, swarm
Buzzards - buitres
wake
Camels - camellos
flock
Caterpillars - orugas
army
Cats - gatos
Clowder, clutter, glaring, pounce
cats (house cats)
Dout, nuisance
cats (kittens)
Kindle, kindle, litter
Cattle - ganado
Drove, herd, kine, team
cattle (two)
yoke
Chamois - gamuza
herd
Chickens - pollos
Brood, flock, peep
Chicks -  polluelos
Brood, chattering, clutch
Chimpanzees
cartload
chinchillas
herd
Clams - almejas
bed
cobras
quiver
Colts - potros
Rag, rake
conies
bury
coots
cover
cormorants
flight
coyotes
band
cranes
Sedge, siege
crocodiles
Congregation, float
Crows - cuervos
Storytelling, murder
Deer - ciervo
Herd, leash, parcel
deer (roe deer)
bevy
Dogs -perros
Kennel, pack
dogs (puppies)
litter
dolphins
pod
Donkeys - burros
Drove, herd, pace
dotterel
trip
Doves - palomas
Bevy, cote, dole, dule, flight, piteousness
Dragons
Flight, weyr, wing
Ducks - patos
Brace, flock, flush, paddling, raft, team
Eagles - aguilas
Aerie, convocation
Eels - anguilas
swarm
elephants
Herd, memory, parade
Elk - alce
Gang, herd
emus
mob
ferrets
Business, cast, fesnying
finches
charm
fish
Catch, haul, run, school, shoal
flies
swarm
foxes
Lead, leash, skulk
frogs
Army, knot, colony
geese
Flock, gaggle
geese (in flight)
skein
geese (flying in a 'V')
wedge
gerbils
horde
giraffes
Corps, tower, herd
gnats
Cloud, horde, swarm, herd, implausibility
goats
Drove, herd, tribe, trip
goldfinches
charm
goldfish
glint
gorillas
band
goslings
skein
greyhounds
leash
grouse
Covey, pack
gulls
colony
guinea pigs
group
hamsters
horde
hares
Drove, down, husk, leash, trace, trip, warren
hawks
aerie
hawks
cast
hawks
kettle
hedgehogs
Array, prickle
hens
brood
herons
Hedge, siege, sedge
herrings
shoal
hippopotami
Crash, herd, bloat
hogs
Drift, parcel, passel
hornets
nest
horses
Harras, herd, stable, team, troop




hounds
Cry, mute, pack
hummingbirds
charm
hyenas
clan
jays
Band, scold, party
jellyfish
smack
kangaroos
Herd, mob, troop
lapwings
deceit
larks
Ascension, exaltation
leopards
Leap, leep, lepe
lions
pride, sault, sowse, troop
lizards
lounge
llamas
herd
locusts
plague
magpies
tidings
mallards
sord
mares
stud
martens
richness
mice
Horde, mischief, nest
moles
Company, labor, movement
monkeys
Cartload, tribe, troop, troup
moose
herd
mules
Barren, pack, rake, span
nightingales
watch
otter
Bevy, romp, raft, family
owls
parliament
oxen
Drove, herd, span, team
oxen (two)
yoke
oysters
bed
parrots
company
partridges
covey
peacocks
Muster, ostentation
penguins
Colony, crèche, huddle, parcel, rookery
pheasants
nest
pheasants (on the ground)
nide
pheasants (on the ground)
nye
pheasants (when flushed)
bouquet
pigeons
Flight, flock
pigs
Drove, herd, litter
pigs (piglets)
farrow
pigs (wild pigs)
sounder
pilchards
shoal
plovers
Congregation, wing
polecats
chine
ponies
string
porpoises
Pod, school
possum
passel
prairie dogs
coterie
quail
Bevy, covey
rabbits
Bury, colony, down, drove, husk, leash, trace, trip, warren
rabbits (young)
Nest, wrack
raccoons
Gaze, nursery
rats
Colony, horde, mischief, pack, plague, swarm
rattlesnakes
rhumba
ravens
Storytelling, unkindness
rhinocerouses
crash
rooks
Building, clamor, storytelling
salmon
Run, school, shoal
seals
Bob, colony, crash, harem, herd, pod, rookery, spring, team
shark
School, shiver
sheep
Down, drove, flock, fold, hurtle, trip
snakes
Bed, den, nest, pit
snipes
walk
snipes
wisp
sparrows
host
squirrels
Dray, scurry
starlings
murmuration
storks
Muster, mustering
swallows
flight
swans
Bevy, herd
swans (flying in a 'V')
wedge
swifts
flock
swine
Drift, sounder
teals
spring
tigers
Ambush, streak
toads
knot
trout
hover
turkeys
flock
turkeys (immature)
brood
turtles
bale
vipers
Generation, nest
vultures
colony
wallabees
mob
walruses
Herd, pod
weasels
Pack, sneak
whales
Gam, herd, pod, school
wildfowl
plump
wolves
Herd, pack, rout, route
wombats
warren
woodcocks
fall
woodpeckers
descent
yaks
herd
zebras
Herd, zeal

1 comentario :

  1. mmm super bueno esta pagina para mi deber jujuuuu XD

    ResponderEliminar